Filling therapy is an important treatment method that is carried out in order to protect oral and dental health if necessary, in order to avoid the progression of existing sensitivity and to prevent tooth losses.
If you wish, let’s talk about in which cases filler treatment can be applied or applied first.
Dental cavities or similar situations in the tooth can often be easily detected during dentist examinations. If a cavity is not treated in a timely way or if it is noticed late, it may be too late to save the damaged tooth. In this case, the cavities that occur go all the way to the root and make it mandatory for the tooth to be pulled. However, if the tooth that begins to decay is diagnosed early and the necessary intervention is performed before it is late, tooth loss as a result of unbearable pain can be prevented.
This early intervention includes filling treatment. Areas where decay is found are cleaned with the help of a device, after which a dent is created that can vary in size depending on the depth of the area where the decay is emitted. A special filling material is then placed in this area. The tooth that is cleaned and survived decaying regains its healthy appearance and physiological function.
In addition to the decay; Physical damage caused by habits such as nail-eating, impact, tightening and squeaking of teeth (bruxism), breaking hard-shelled foods with teeth can also cause teeth to break or crack. Filling treatment is also very suitable for repairing cracked or even broken teeth.
Before Filling Treatment
In patients who get filling treatment, there is a preparation stage that must be carried out before the treatment gets applied. During this preparation phase, certain examinations should be applied to the patient and pre-treatment protocols should be carried out. These considerations and the procedures that need to be done are below:
• Pre-treatment examination
• Infection control on the patient
• General health status of the patient
• Common oral and dental control
• X-ray of teeth
• Patient’s preparation for treatment
• Sterilization of the environment
• Intra-oral sterilization
• Informing the dentist about regularly used medications
Dental Filling Stages
Filling treatment is a short-term procedure that is quite simple and usually does not inflict pain thanks to the anesthesia applied. This duration may vary according to how many teeth to fill, what materials to use, or how the dentist works. However, applying filling treatment on one tooth can take an average of half an hour.
Treatment is carried out in several stages. These stages are:
Cleaning Dental Cavities
The first procedure for filling treatment is to remove bruises and decay-causing residues from the tooth. According to the depth of this cleaning process, needle numbing can be performed for a painless operation. The cavity area is cleaned and purified with the help of a device. Thanks to this process, when cleaning the tooth, the area where the filling material will be placed is also created.
Chemical Injection to The Filling Area
After the area where the treatment will be applied is completely free of caries, filler material is injected into this area, and the space gets filled. There are different types of this filling material and the material used may vary from patient to patient.
Shaping the Filling
The filling material injected into the cleaned area must be made suitable for the rest of the tooth before polishing. For the material to completely fill the void left behind by the cleaned decay is the most important stage here. Otherwise, it may cause other problems by causing the entry of food waste, etc. into it. The process ends by polishing the filling in the sharp areas, which are placed in accordance with the structure of the tooth.
• Light Bleeding
• Abscess Occurrence (Rare)
• Risk of Infection (Rare)
Dropping the filling
Each filling type has its own characteristics. There are also factors that affect their clinging to the teeth and their durability. The filling that cannot hold on to the tooth, which cannot commune with the tooth may fall. The most common known causes of these falls are:
• Saliva fluid mixing between the filling and chemical substance
• Consumption of food which forces the teeth structure
• Inadequate dental care
• Bruxism (Teeth Squeaking)
• Taking a break from eating for a certain period of time:
In order for the filling to hold on to the tooth and to commune with the tooth, a certain amount of time must pass. During this time, filling should not be forced, eating and drinking should be suspended and filled teeth or teeth should not be forced in any way. The time mentioned is the first 2 to 4 hours after filling.
• Not smoking for a certain period of time
• Regular dental care (It is recommended to gargle the mouth instead of brushing the teeth within the 2 to 4 hours mentioned.)
• Regular (every 6 months) dentist examination
• Not consuming very hot or very cold food
• If there is Bruxism (Teeth Squeaking) take precautions to protect the teeth